·The nursing management of Alzheimer’s disease will vary depending on the stage of the disease. In the early stages, nurses may focus on providing support and education to the patient and their family. As the disease progresses, nurses will focus on providing comfort and care to the patient.
1.Memory loss in Alzheimer’s patients
·Encouraging the patient to engage in activities that stimulate the mind and help with memory, such as reading, puzzles, and conversation Helping the patient to organize their thoughts and daily routine with lists, calendars, and reminders
·Assisting the patient with tasks that have become difficult due to memory loss, such as cooking, grooming, and paying bills
·Making sure the patient’s environment is safe and free from any potential hazards
·Encouraging the patient to exercise regularly, as this has been shown to improve cognitive function in Alzheimer’s patients
·Providing emotional support to the patient and their family, as Alzheimer’s can be a very difficult and stressful disease to deal with
Encourage the patient to drink plenty of fluids during the day to help keep their urine dilute and prevent accidents. Urinate regularly, at least every two hours during waking
·hours, to help keep their bladder from becoming too full. If incontinence does occur, it is important to clean the person with Alzheimer’s up promptly and with as much dignity as possible. Absorbent pads or incontinence briefs can also be used to help manage accidents.
·Encourage patients to have regular bowel movement at least once a day. This can be done by providing a high fiber diet and by making sure they are getting enough exercise.
1.Dependence and self-care deficit
·Provide support and assistance to patients with selfcare deficit. This includes helping them with activities of daily living, providing emotional support, and promoting social and recreational activities.
2. Anxiety, Stress and Depression
·Encouraging the individual to participate in activities that they enjoy and that help to distract from their worries.
·Teaching stress management, relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation
·Counselling patients, providing psychosocial support and involving family and friends in care.
·-Encouraging regular exercise
3. Medication adherence
·Educate patient and family on effectiveness of drugs and importance of adherence